Cephalopyge trematoides (Chun, 1889)
|Maximum size: about 25 mm.
body of this species is elongate and streamlined, tapering to a
blunt "tail." On the head are two smooth, contractile rhinophores and a
small rostrum is present. The foot, which is reduced to a small ventral
projection toward the anterior end, is capable of extending and
contracting. Through the transparent body can be seen the reproductive
and digestive glands that may vary in color. A few white flecks may be
present along the dorsal and ventral margins as well as on the
is rarely seen due to its small size, transparent body and planktonic
habit. The single animal we've seen on Maui was found in open water
at 12 m (40
Adults may be free-living and swim by means of lateral undulations as
fast as seven undulations per
second. These waves, which run from the head to the tail, can propel
the animals forward at a rate of 12 cm/second. They may also attach,
using a pedal gland, to their prey which includes the siphonophores Nanomia bijuga, Halistemma sp. and Stephanomia sp. A cylindrical egg
strand is laid in the water column. (Lalli & Gilmer, 1989)
Big Island and Maui: circumtropical.
genus name refers to the location of the anus (-pyge) on the dorsum
directly behind the head (cephalo-).
14 mm: found by Andy Schwanke; Alalakeiki Channel, Maui; Oct. 17, 1998.
Observations and comments:
1: ( )